Do you know someone who uses a wheelchair? Wears glasses? Has difficulty hearing? Technically, all these (and many more) are referred to as disabilities. Perhaps a more accurate term would be “different abilities”
People who have a “disability” can do most things that a “regularly abled” person can do. They may just do them a little differently. For example, people in wheelchairs may not be able to walk, but they can certainly move around.
Disabilities can be caused by chronic health problems – like asthma or epilepsy – a sudden or severe illness, an accident, congenital problems from birth, or just a different way that your body functions (like dyslexia or stuttering).
Whether you use a reading device or glasses to read, or a wheelchair or cane to help you move around, you are capable of learning, growing, and maturing just like someone who does not use these devices.
If you know someone who has a specific type of difficulty, you may realize that it is sometimes hard for him or her to have the same opportunities or experiences as you do. For example, if your friend is in a wheelchair and you go to a place that does not have a ramp or a lift, your friend cannot go along.
People who have special needs are not dumb or incapable of doing all the things that you can do. They may just need a little extra help doing some tasks.
Every person is different, but most everyone wants to have friends and participate in school and social activities. You can help your friends who have special needs by asking them about how you can best assist them, and by being understanding if they need a little extra time or assistance. With a little help, they can generally participate in some way